The thyroid is a gland located in the neck, above the trachea. This gland fulfills a very important function in the body, since it is responsible for regulating the metabolism and each of its activities. In addition, it is a producer of proteins and regulates the body’s sensitivity to other hormones.
The thyroid gland can be affected by several factors, which can alter its functioning and cause several health problems. The main functional alterations of the thyroid gland are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Both cases influence the body in different ways and it is very important to control them so that they do not affect the quality of life.